[87], Depopulation stemming from the Black Death led to increased wages, static food costs and a resulting improvement in the standard of living for the peasantry. She landed near Naples and easily captured it, but the Hungarian commander Ulrich von Wolfart commanded a strong resistance in Apulia. Hedvig (or Jadwiga) was childless for over a decade. During Middle Ages, there were several marriages between the Árpád dynasty and the House of Capet. After fighting in the Seventh Crusade, Charles was offered by Pope Clement IV the Kingdom of Sicily — which at the time included not only the island of Sicily but also the southern half of the Italian Peninsula. In 1376, circa 160 Hungarians in her retinue were massacred in Kraków and the queen returned to Hungary disgraced. Edward resigned Aquitaine and Ponthieu to his son Edward, who travelled to France to give homage in his stead. In November 1347 Louis set out for Naples with some 1,000 soldiers (Hungarians and Germans), mostly mercenaries. )[47] John's defeat weakened his authority in England, and his barons forced him to agree to the Magna Carta, which limited royal power. In Richard's absence, Philip II overran large portions of Normandy and John acquired control of Richard's English lands. Being descended from Edward III in both the maternal and the paternal line gave Richard a significant claim to the throne if the Lancastrian line should fail, and by cognatic primogeniture arguably a superior claim. Stephen of Anjou (1332–1354), duke of Slavonia, the third surviving son of Charles Robert, died before his older brother. When King Robert died in 1343, in his last will and testament, he formally bequeathed his kingdom to his granddaughter Joanna, making no mention of Andrew and thus denying him the right to reign along with Joanna. However, due to fears of impending invasion from Sicily, it was felt that a seven-year-old heir was too risky and would not be able to hold off invasions. The resulting parliament included barons, clergy, knights, and burgesses for the first time. In Naples, Charles Martel of Anjou, the eldest son of Mary of Hungary announced his claim to the Hungarian crown, backed by his mother, and the pope. Among those arrested was the king's cousin Henry Courtenay, 1st Marquess of Exeter, his wife and 11-year-old son. On January 11, 1348 in the Battle of Capua the king of Hungary defeated the army of Louis of Taranto. The Plantagenet kings first ruled the Kingdom of England in the 12th century. [83] As the great-grandson of Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, Edmund Mortimer, Earl of March, was the heir presumptive to Richard II and Henry used multiple rationales stressing his Plantagenet descent, divine grace, powerful friends, and Richard's misgovernment. Fighting was inconclusive before Gaunt agreed a treaty with King Juan of Castile. In 1355 the last Piast king of Poland, Casimir III, designated his sororal nephew, the Angevin king Louis I of Hungary, as his heir presumptive by the Privilege of Buda. She was married on July 11, 1110 in Anjou, Normandy, France to Geoffrey V "Plantagenet" Count of Anjou She was married on June 2, 1129 in France to Geoffrey V "Plantagenet" Count of Anjou She was married in the year 1092 in France to Geoffrey V "Plantagenet" Count of Anjou, they had 38 children. The result was disappointing; Edward's small force only enabled him to capture Acre and launch a handful of raids. The house of Anjou, or Angevin Dynasty, as the family was called in their native France, was one of four main ruling families in Northern France. [citation needed], It was at the Battle of Benevento that the Guelph Capetians gained the Sicilian kingdom from the Ghibelline Swabians, this was cemented after victory at Tagliacozzo. 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